He Lin, National People’s Congress: Relay 14 years recommended graphic warning of cigarette damage on cigarette case

He Lin, National People’s Congress: Relay 14 years recommended graphic warning of cigarette damage on cigarette case
During the two sessions this year, He Lin, the deputy director of the National People’s Congress and deputy director of the Health Education Institute of the Guizhou Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, suggested that China should be in line with the international standard, and that the tobacco graphic warnings should be used for cigarette packs.This is also the 14th consecutive year that the NPC deputies have put forward the above suggestions.Article 11 of the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, implemented in developing countries on January 9, 2006, requires “graphical warnings of cigarette harm on cigarette cases”.In the proposal submitted this time, He Lin proposed that the “Tobacco Control Framework Convention” should be supplemented as soon as possible, with a graphic warning on the cigarette case; the division of labor in the national tobacco control compliance work should be adjusted, and the leader of the tobacco control compliance team-the National Health and Health Commission shall be responsible for the implementation of the conventionArticle 11 etc.He Lin proposed in the proposal that the graphical warning of cigarette packs is an extremely effective and low-cost health science measure that can clearly and clearly communicate the health risks of using tobacco to the public, and the literate public can also clearly understand the health effects of smokingThe harm is helpful for smokers to quit smoking.At present, cigarette packs have only written health warnings, which are difficult to play a role and damage consumers’ right to know.Although it is a consensus that smoking is harmful to health, the public lacks a correct understanding of the specific hazards of tobacco.The World Health Organization’s evaluation of China’s cigarette packs is that China’s health warnings have a very weak effect on the health hazards of tobacco, and the words “smoking harms health” have little warning effect.In fact, China’s cigarette packs exported to many countries overseas have achieved warning graphics on the cigarette packs, and there is a clear packaging “different inside and outside.””So effective, feasible, and with little investment in tobacco control compliance measures, why can’t this be done?He Lin said that the armed forces have submitted proposals for 13 consecutive years by representatives and members, and she submitted them twice.The Tobacco Monopoly Bureau ‘s recommendations over the years are that the text warning of the existing cigarette packaging logo meets the requirements of the Convention. It is more than 30% of the area, and the font size has been rotated 3 times, because “must” does not require the use of graphics; The 2010-2018 Chinese adult tobacco monitoring results show that the proportion of smokers who see the health warnings on the existing cigarette packs and consider quitting smoking has not changed; 118 of the 181 representatives use picture warnings, and some countriesNor used.The explanation of “different inside and outside” for cigarette packs is stated by the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau because the international trade rules are “import and export products should comply with the relevant laws or regulations of the country of sale”.by law.In the view of He Lin, the above answer is to avoid the heavy ones and ignore the lesser ones, instead of learning advanced ones, we will target backward countries.”Since smokers see the health warnings on the existing cigarette packs and consider that the proportion of quitting smoking has not changed, they should be replaced with graphic warnings of smoking hazards.The tobacco industry’s desperate objection to graphic warnings is exactly that the warning graphics are effective for tobacco control.”He Lin said.He Lin pointed out that the National Tobacco Monopoly Bureau, as one of the member units of the China Tobacco Control Compliance Group, is responsible for the implementation of Article 11 of the Convention. As a result, the tobacco package has been decided by the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau.Many countries, including the United States, stipulate that the packaging of tobacco must be approved by the health department and the Food and Drug Administration.”As long as the Hypertension Tobacco Monopoly Bureau does not modify it, no other department can do anything about it.This is also the reason why this recommendation has not been implemented by the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau for 13 years.”He Lin said.Proofreading He Yan

Desai Battery (000049): Consumer lithium battery pack strong Hengqiang gradually increased performance

Desai Battery (000049): Consumer lithium battery pack strong Hengqiang gradually increased performance

Announcements: 1. The company announced the 2018 annual report and realized operating income of 172.

500 million, an increase of 38 in ten years.

15%; net profit attributable to mother is 40,000 yuan, an increase of 南宁桑拿 33 year-on-year.

55%; Q4 single-quarter revenue increased by 18 per year.

21% to 55.

600 million, net profit attributable to mother 1.

27 ppm, an increase of 11% in ten years.

2. The company announced the first quarter report of 2019 and realized operating income of 34 in the first quarter.

6 billion, an increase of 16 in ten years.

2%; net profit attributable to mother 0.

68 ppm, 10-year average of 10.


Key points of investment benefit large customers’ dual cell and laptop business, rapid growth in performance: the company’s 18-year revenue growth rate of 38%, profit growth rate of 34%, both achieved rapid growth, mainly due to: 1) two major customers in 18 yearsOLEDs are aligned with two-way cells, and the unit price has increased by 2; 2) Expansion and promotion of laptops in major customers, power tools are progressing smoothly, and the revenue of medium-sized lithium battery business is 26.

4 ‰, an increase of 84 in ten years.

7%; 3) Sales of major domestic customers Huawei and Xiaomi also increased rapidly.

Consumption of lithium batteries is good, Huizhou Xinyuan reduced losses, and its profitability remains stable: the company’s gross profit margin for eighteen years8.

2%, net interest rate 3.

05%, a slight increase of 0 a year.

The 14 units mainly benefited from the fact that the competition pattern of the consumer lithium battery industry has been very stable, and battery ASPs have continued to increase driven by safety considerations and endurance pain points. The company’s 18-year average battery price exceeded 10% -20%.

In terms of Huizhou Xinyuan, the company focused on the power battery power management system business and reduced the PACK investment with low profit margins. It reduced 81.4 million in 18 years and reduced losses by approximately 28 million compared with the same period last year.

In addition, the company’s operating efficiency has improved, and sales and management fees have improved by 0.

19, 1.

15 averages, and the improvement trend continued in 19Q1.

Affected by the loss of foreign exchange losses and the increase in interest expenses, financial rates increased in both 18 and 19Q1.

Hengqiang, the strong consumer of lithium PACK, continues to develop in the field to help the company grow steadily: Under the safety, high demand for PACK manufacturing of dual-cell / L-cell products, Hengqiang, the strong consumer of PACK, has a large domestic customer in 19 yearsThe rapid growth of Huawei’s expansion, as well as the increase in the share of North American customers, continues to contribute to the company’s increased profits.

At the same time, new businesses such as laptops and power tools outside the company’s mobile phones have gradually taken shape, and their scale and profit margins have become more impressive. The focus on power battery BMS and brushless motor control systems will also become an important aspect 合肥夜网 of the company’s future.

Earnings forecast and investment rating: The company is expected to have a net profit of 4 in 19-21.

8, 5.


800 million to achieve EPS 2.

36, 2.

83, 3.

32 yuan, the corresponding PE is 13.

2, 11, 9.

4 times, based on the company’s rapid performance growth expectations in the past two years, the current value is significantly underestimated, maintain the “Buy” rating!

Risk warning: customer product sales are lower than expected; product price range.

Jinxun Group (601992) 2019 Interim Report Review: Strong Cement Business Growth Deepens Coordinated Development of the Industrial Chain

Jinxun Group (601992) 2019 Interim Report Review: Strong Cement Business Growth Deepens Coordinated Development of the Industrial Chain
Revenue growth 26.15%, net profit attributable to mothers increased by 26.36% of 2019H1 companies realized operating income of 446.110,000 yuan, an increase of 26 in ten years.14%, net profit attributable to mother 30.4.6 billion, an annual increase of 26.36%, EPS is 0.297 yuan / share; of which Q2 achieved operating income of 28.6 billion yuan in a single quarter, an increase of 12 years.48%, net profit attributable to mother 26.24 ppm, an increase of 0 in ten years.03%, performance growth mainly benefited from the rise in volume and price of the cement sector. The texture of regional supply and demand is good. The cement and concrete segments have grown significantly. After the reorganization of Jidong Cement business, the market level in North China continued to improve. At the same time, regional cement demand was strong. The company sold 4,997 samples of cement and clinker in the first half of the year (including joint ventures), With the increase of 14.5%, concrete sales 8.15 million cubic meters, an increase of 29.8%; the cement and concrete segment achieved revenue and profit of 197.400 million and 26.600 million, an increase of 25.8% and 89.1%; gross profit margin of cement and clinker reached 37.7%, an annual increase of 1.1pct.The company is currently the third largest cement company in the country, with clinker and cement production capacities of 1, respectively.1 and 1.With 700 million tons, the production capacity in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region accounts for over 50%, and the concrete production capacity is 62 million cubic meters. At present, the demand for infrastructure construction in major projects in North China is strong and continuous, and the performance of the sector continues to benefit. New building materials have a strong momentum, and real estate and property are under slight pressure on new building materials and commerce and logistics. Based on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the company proactively undertakes the supply tasks of projects such as Beijing City Sub-center, Xiong’an New District, Winter Olympic Stadium, Daxing International Airport,Strengthen internal control, deepen reform, and report income of 127.900 million, an 北京桑拿洗浴保健 increase of 41 in ten years.1%, the sector realized a profit of 1.22 billion.Affected by the continuous impact of real estate across the country, the average value of real estate development and property investment in the first half of the year showed some pressure, of which real estate development achieved income and profit of 111.5 billion (+12.1%) and 19.900 million (+1.1%), the contract was signed 93.8 billion (+2.1%), add soil storage 17.350,000 pings, gradually storing 855.The income and profit of the property investment segment were 22 million.300 million (+17.99%) and 4.900 million (-5.77%) Investment recommendations: high-quality assets, great revaluation potential, maintaining the potential of “buy” rating, continuing to optimize the strategic layout of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, further integrating the development of the integrated industrial chain of cement, new building materials, real estate development and property managementGive full play to the value of high-quality assets and great potential for revaluation. It is estimated that earnings per share in 19-21 will be 0.51/0.55/0.61 yuan / share, corresponding to PE 6.5/6.0/5.5x, maintain “Buy” rating. Risk Warning: Regional construction progress is less than expected; real estate expectations exceed expectations.

Yixintang (002727) 2019 Interim Review: Practitioner Pharmacist’s New Deal Impact Awaits Follow-up Repair

Yixintang (002727) 2019 Interim Review: Practitioner Pharmacist’s New Deal Impact Awaits Follow-up Repair

Event: The company released its 2019 Interim Report and achieved revenue of 50 in 19H1.

600 million (+17.

9%), net profit attributable to mother 3.

3.7 billion (+15.

3%), deducting non-attributed net profit 3.

3.5 billion (+15.


Results were lower than we and the market expected.

Opinion: The growth of self-built stores has remained stable, and the expansion rate has been slightly lower than expected.

The company built 457 new stores in 19H1, closed and 南京桑拿网 relocated 86, a net increase of 371 stores, and the number of stores at the end of the period reached 6,129, a gradual increase of 16%, and the speed of opening stores remained stable.

The decrease in the number of stores in the company in 19Q2 was mainly due to the significant impact of the allocation of licensed pharmacists. Subsequently, the licensed pharmacists reported that they would be relieved after the test and incentives were in place.

Yunnan stores have further consolidated their advantages, and Sichuan and Chongqing have maintained rapid expansion.

The company established 235 new stores in 19H1 in Yunnan, relocated and closed 47 stores, and increased its net number of stores by 188. At the end of the period, the number of stores reached 3747. It continued to consolidate the company’s leading advantage in 杭州桑拿 Yunnan, mainly by increasing its efforts to sink towns.

The company opened 76 and 20 stores in Sichuan and Chongqing in 19H1, relocated and closed 10 and 3 stores, a total of 83 net increase stores, and a total of 954 stores at the end of the period, maintaining a rapid store growth.The speed of regional expansion remains insurmountable.

Licensed pharmacist allocation policy affects gross profit margin and pharmacist costs, resulting in lower-than-expected results.

By quarter, the company’s revenue in 19Q2 increased by 17%, accounting for a slight increase in the growth rate in 19Q1, and its net profit increased by only 0.

2%, ranking 19Q1 growth rate is significantly larger.

The main reason is that the company’s licensed pharmacist equipment costs have increased rapidly. At the same time, due to the difficulty in the allocation of licensed pharmacists, sales have been affected, and the company has increased its promotion efforts, which has led to a decline in retail gross profit margin.

1pp, has a significant impact on net profit.

In general, the company’s lower-than-expected performance was mainly related to the improvement of the requirements for the allocation of licensed pharmacists. With the amendment of policies such as the remote review of licensed pharmacists, the possibility of the company’s profit recovering.

The performance is lower than expected, waiting for the repair after the policy shock, downgrade to “overweight” rating to consider the company’s performance expectations, downgrade the company 19?
The 21-year forecast EPS is 1.



54 yuan (was 1).



93 yuan), the current price corresponds to 19?
The 21-year PE is 25/22/17 times.

The company was infiltrated by the new policy configuration of licensed pharmacists and is awaiting subsequent repairs.

Risk warning: M & A integration is not smooth; the expansion outside the province exceeds expectations.

Yunda shares (002120): high barriers to accelerate breakthrough

Yunda shares (002120): high barriers to accelerate breakthrough
Signs of industry progress have emerged. After 2016, the leading barriers have been built. The express delivery layout has continued to expand from the leading to the differentiation of the distribution. The core reasons are: 1) the single profit continues to increase the profit and loss line.The price war has intensified; 2) Pinduoduo and other e-commerce players have dug into third- and fourth-tier markets to become the industry’s main growth force, and the incremental proportion of low value-added has increased to speed up the screening of cost-advantaged players; 3) self-blood-making abilityIt is the key to competition. Costs turn to profit, cash flow, and the cyclical reset of the balance sheet, becoming core barriers. The above three points are important signals for the progress of the industry. Yunda has cultivated fine management, cost, profit, cash flow, asset quality and other industry leaders. Since 2013, Yunda has changed management modes in the transfer center, transportation mode, and personnel management. It has been the only implementation of a refined management system in advance.Transit wholly owned company.Continuous cost optimization combined with an aggressive pricing strategy, Yunda maintained a business growth rate of more than 40% for three consecutive years, maintained a growth rate of more than 30% for non-net profit for four consecutive years, and achieved a market share of 15%, ranking second in the industry. While the profits are steadily increasing, the company’s working capital has been increasing year by year, operating cash flow has continued to increase, and it has further nurtured the optimization of the main industry’s production capacity, achieving cost-to-profit, cash flow, and cyclical accumulation of production capacity.The company currently has the lowest operating cost of the one-piece center among the three links and one delivery, the second-most cost of transportation is second only to Zhongtong, and the single-piece operating net cash flow is the highest.The virtuous circle of the three tables reflects the comprehensive strength of the headquarters and franchisees. The short-term impact of dislocation competition is limited, and the barriers are deep and long-term. They are not afraid of the price war. 66% of the income comes from East China. The market share in the region is expected to be about 19%. The main advantage area of Zhongtong is in South China.At the same time, the South China market is more fragmented and competition is fiercer. In the short term, Yunda is limited by the direct impact of price wars; in the long run, Yunda has become a leading barrier that can meet various forms of challenges.The company has extensive experience in fine-grained control at the headquarters and at the end. It is expected to 南宁桑拿 accelerate the increase of its share in the future, gradually release price elasticity, and usher in a comprehensive increase in performance growth. Investment suggestion: The industry is at a critical moment in the change of the pattern, and the core barriers of the leader have been built.Yunda has cultivated and refined management for many years, and the cost has shown obvious advantages, and there have always been core barriers to the cyclic transformation of costs to profit, cash flow, and balance sheet. It is expected to accelerate the promotion of shares in the future and usher in a comprehensive increase in performance growth. It is expected that the company’s express delivery volume growth rate in 2019-2021 will be 40% / 35% / 28% respectively; net profit will be 29.29/36.18/45.3.7 billion, an increase of 8.6% / 23.5% / 25.4%; EPS are 1.32/1.62/2.04 yuan / share, corresponding to the current sustainable, PE is 23 respectively.55x, 19.07x, 15.20 times.Based on the deduction of non-net profit in 2018 as the base, the company’s depreciation of non-net profit will increase by nearly 30% in the next three years. Based on the comparable company variables, the company’s reasonable PE in 2019 is 28 times, corresponding to a reasonable value of about 37 yuan per share.Give “Buy” rating. Risk warning: worsening price war; slower-than-expected industry growth; labor and transportation costs continue to rise

Yonghui Supermarket (601933) 2018 Annual Report and 2019 First Quarterly Report Review: Performance Exceeds Expectation, Returns to Main Business, Broad Prospects

Yonghui Supermarket (601933) 2018 Annual Report and 2019 First Quarterly Report Review: Performance Exceeds Expectation, Returns to Main Business, Broad Prospects

Excluding innovative businesses, the performance of equity incentive expenses in 2018 increased by 8%.


The company achieved net profit attributable to mothers in 2018 of -18.

52%, better than our uniform 23.

6% expected.

Excluding the impact of Yunchuang and equity incentive factors, the net profit of the company’s main business is 21.

1.9 billion, a year-on-year increase of 8% compared to 2017.


At the same time, the reason why the growth rate of net profit in 2018, which eliminates unrestricted factors, exceeds the growth rate of revenue, is that the average employee expenditure in 2018 increased significantly compared to 201723.

11%, the average salary of employees in 2017 increased by only 0 compared to 2016.


The number of employees in the unit’s operating area has decreased compared to 2017, and the human efficiency has increased by about 10%.

Stores expanded rapidly, and passenger flow gradually increased.

The company’s 2018 revenue was +20.

35%, the highest net opening of 129 stores, the total number of stores by the end of the year 708.

Company same-store growth rate 1.

6%, down from 2. in 2017

2%, comparable shop floor efficiency slightly decreased by 1.

5% to 1.

58 yuan / m2, but the company ‘s average daily customer traffic from 2016 to 2018 was 0.

35, 0.

39, 0.

410,000 person-times, showing an upward trend year by year.

Operating and investment income drove high growth in the first quarter.

Company revenue for the first quarter of 2019 +18.

48%. In the first quarter, 21 new large-scale mini-stores and 21 large-scale stores were opened.

Net 武汉夜生活网 profit +50.

28%, higher than the 40% expectation. After excluding the impact of investment income, net profit growth in the first quarter was 24%.

The effect of scale is gradually proposed, and the gross profit margin of each region of the company is increasing.

The company’s gross profit margin increased significantly in 20181.

31pp to 22.

15%, the first is the increase in bargaining power brought about by the effect of scale; the second is the increase in the proportion of service industries with high gross profit margins.

We believe that the continuous encryption of the transformation company’s stores and the company’s continuous advancement of the deepening and strengthening of the supply chain system can improve the gross margin of the company’s various categories.

Expenses surged during the 18-year 杭州桑拿网 period and will gradually be reduced in the future.

The company’s expense ratio increased significantly during 20183.

54pp to 20.

86%, mainly due to sales, management, and financial expense ratio increased by 1.
97%, 1.
22%, 0.

35%, we expect the company’s labor budget growth to return to normal in 2019, reducing the impact on the company’s performance, and the expense ratio during the first quarter of 2019 will decrease by 1.

67pp to 16.

62%, which was mainly sales, and the management expense ratio decreased by -0.

28pp, 1.


The expansion of stores expanded the net interest rate growth, and performance and expected growth gradually increased.

At present, the company has successfully achieved cross-regional expansion and entered the 100 billion-level market space. In the future, the market space is huge. At the same time, the downward trend of net interest rate will increase into a continuous improvement of the company’s operations. The company’s performance and realization will show an upward trend.

Increasing profit forecast: Considering the company’s vast exhibition space, the scale effect drives the increase in gross profit margin and normalization of cost growth, the drag on innovation business decreases, and the profit forecast is raised. It is estimated that the operating income for 2019-2021 will be 871.

96\1062.92\1292.610,000 yuan, the net profit attributable to mothers will be 25 in the next three years.

26\34.72\44.7.6 billion yuan, the realized EPS is 0.

26\0.36\0.47 yuan, the closing price on April 25, 2019 corresponding to PE were 34.

1\24.8\19.2 times, maintaining the level of “prudent overweight”.

Risk Warning: Yunchuang’s Expectations Exceed Expectations, Showcase Stores Below Expectations

Sun Paper (002078): Quarterly profit continues to improve Q3 peak season is expected to rise in volume and price

Sun Paper (002078): Quarterly profit continues to improve Q3 peak season is expected to rise in volume and price

In 19Q2, the revenue dropped slightly over the previous year, and the profit improved by 19H1. The company achieved operating income of 107.

76 ppm, a ten-year increase2.

89%, net profit attributable to mother 8.

87 trillion, down 27 a year.

80%, of which 19Q2 achieved operating income of 53.

2.5 billion, down 1 year.

97%, Laos 30 replaced the dissolved phenol and the headquarters 80 to the increase in the contribution of packaging paper in the reporting period, but affected by changes in the prices of major products, 19Q2 revenue growth pressure was under pressure;

0.6 billion, a decrease of 17 per year.

18%, quarterly earnings improved quarter-on-quarter.

  The degree of improvement in the profitability of cultural paper is higher than that of packaging paper and pulp business. In the peak season of Q3, we have managed to increase the volume and price. The price increase letter from March to May this year has come down month by month.Coated paper and coated base paper 19Q2 gross margin increased by 8 compared with 19Q1.

77pct, 6.

19, 5.

78pct, profitability improved significantly.

With the mainstream cultural paper companies sending another price increase letter in September, the company’s quarterly profit is expected to continue to improve in 2019.

  The product structure continued to be optimized. The upstream raw materials build core advantages. At the end of the reporting period, the company’s paper and pulp production capacity has reached 672.120 paper mills, Beihai pulp and paper project, 45 selected specialty cultural paper projects of the headquarters, of which two of the old invoice 120 paper mills each produce 40-inch high-end packaging paper production lines, and it is expected to gradually enter trial production in the first half of 2021.stage.

  The overseas production capacity has gradually landed to open up the medium-to-long-term growth space, and is optimistic about the company’s industrial chain integration advantages. The Laos base takes advantage of overseas resources. The company’s industrial chain integration is next step. The raw material wood pulp self-sufficiency rate is improved to enhance the stability of profitability.

It is estimated that the operating income for 19-21 will be 231.


9, 271.

600 million, net profit attributable to mothers was 19.

5, 22.

7, 25.

500 million, currently corresponding to 19 years1.

36xPB, excluding listed paper companies such as special paper and household paper in the industry, with reference to the average company 2 in the past 8 years.

00xPB, considering that there is still some uncertainty in the price of dissolving pulp in the second half of the year, it is prudent to give the company January 2019.

A reasonable estimate of 8xPB corresponds to a reasonable value of 10 shares.

01 yuan, maintaining the company’s buy rating.

杭州桑拿  Risks suggest that the decline in economic growth will eventually cause downstream demand to exceed expectations; the industry ‘s price war is fierce, and the prices of major paper types have fallen sharply; the expansion of dissolved pulp has exceeded expectations;

Siesta for more than thirty minutes

Siesta for more than thirty minutes

It is said that Lianhe Zaobao reported that a recent survey of 1,000 office workers in the United Kingdom showed that 3/4 of the stakeholders will have “nap syndrome” after lunch.

  Most of these office workers reach their peak work efficiency at 12 noon, and then go downhill, especially between 2 pm and 4 pm.

  In two hours, people will feel extremely tired, dull, always unable to work hard, work efficiency becomes low, and they are particularly prone to errors. These are all manifestations of “nap syndrome”.

And men have more severe symptoms than women.

  Experts believe that a large number of reasons for the “nap syndrome” are that many office workers love high-sugar foods at lunch, or high-fat foods that are difficult to digest, such as french fries, hamburgers, and fried chicken.

In addition, in order to save time, some office workers ask takeaway to eat before imitation.

Experts recommend that you do not stay for a few hours before you are allowed, it is best to go to a nearby restaurant for lunch, or occasionally go out and breathe in fresh air. These all maintain good physical and mental conditions, and people can afford to cope with the whole day.jobs.

  Experts Experts, don’t blindly suppress your drowsiness. When you are sleepy at noon, you should take a short nap, which will help improve your attention and work efficiency.

  However, you must pay attention to the time of your nap.

After a healthy siesta, 15 minutes to 30 minutes is most suitable.

A NASA scientist once conducted a study that found that a 24-minute siesta can most effectively improve the driver’s attention and performance.

If you sleep for too long, you will have mild headaches for the first half hour and general weakness, which is caused by “sleep inertia” and is not conducive to afternoon work.

  So, a truly healthy nap is longer than 30 minutes.

And develop a habit of taking a regular siesta every day.

Milk is the food of choice for calcium supplements

Milk is the food of choice for calcium supplements

Calcium supplement, milk is not a substitute for “milk is the best calcium supplement food”, Professor Jiang Zhuoqin is so prominent, “No food can provide the same calcium supplement effect as milk.”

  Professor Jiang Zhuoqin said that calcium is the most abundant inorganic element in the human body and has many important physiological functions.

If the body’s intake of calcium is insufficient, it will seriously endanger human life and health.

Frequent leg cramps, backaches, pain around the body, fatigue, fatigue, loose teeth, anorexia, dreaminess, insomnia, irritability and other symptoms may be a reaction to calcium deficiency, rickets, osteoporosis, etc.Therefore, calcium supplementation should be passed through a person’s life.

  Food is the main and primary source of human calcium.

The “Guide to the Diet of Chinese Residents” states that milk is the food of choice for calcium supplementation, and other foods are difficult to replace.

The reason is that milk is rich in calcium, the calcium content per 100 grams of milk reaches 110 mg, and the body’s absorption rate of calcium in milk can reach 40%.

The recommended daily intake of calcium for adults is 800 milligrams. The latest survey on the nutrition and health status of Chinese residents shows that higher adults can obtain 389 calcium from three meals a day, and the remaining 410 milligrams need to be passed through foods such as milk.To add.

  Professor Jiang Zhuoqin said that for Chinese people, drinking too little milk, the absorption is far from enough.

In the United States, 267 kg of dairy products are consumed each year by people.

In China, the average person consumes only 10 kg of milk per year.

For China, a country that mainly eats cereals, the amount of milk per capita is far from enough, and there is no problem of general overdose. Therefore, milk is still necessary or even necessary every day. It is the first choice for calcium supplementation., Or should promote “a glass of milk per person per day.”

  There are disadvantages to milk. “Any food has its advantages and disadvantages, and milk is no exception.

“Jiang Zhuoqin said.

There are many nutritional advantages of milk. For example, the minerals and trace elements in milk are in a dissolved state, and the proportion of various minerals is relatively suitable. It is easy to digest and absorb, especially the calcium content and absorption rate are high. The protein content in milkAlthough it is not high, it is high-quality protein with a digestibility rate of up to 98%; it contains 9 kinds of amino acids that are necessary for the human body in a proportion of more than 20 amino acids; it is also rich in vitamin A and B2; a small amount in milk isGlucose, the easiest to digest and absorb, can promote the absorption of calcium; and low in cholesterol, only 16 mg of cholesterol per 100 grams.

  But milk also has fatal flaws, that is, the aunt of milk is a saturated aunt, too much food will cause too much, and blood lipids will rise. Therefore, some people or people with high blood fats should remove skim milk.

In addition, the iron content in milk is low, if infants and young children eat pure milk as a staple food, they will produce “iron deficiency anemia.”

  What if I do n’t want to drink milk?

  Melamine has caused a serious crisis of trust in dairy products. To prevent risks, too many people have decided not to drink milk for the time being.

Is there any food that can replace milk?

Soy milk, maybe this is the first alternative people think of.

But in terms of calcium content, soy milk is far less than milk.

This is because although the calcium content of soybeans is not low, the calcium content is very low after being ground into soybean milk with water.

A cup of soy milk contains far less than one-seventh of the equivalent amount of milk.

  However, tofu is the best plant calcium supplement.

This is because a calcium-containing coagulant is added when solidifying tofu, so people who do not drink milk should consciously eat more tofu, which not only supplements calcium, but also obtains a large amount of high-quality protein and bioactive substances in soybeans.

However, lactone tofu is not a good source of calcium because it does not contain a calcium-containing coagulant, but uses gluconolactone as a coagulant.

At the same time, lactone tofu has too much water, and the content of protein and calcium is very low.

  In addition to bean products such as tofu and dried tofu, you can also eat more seafood such as shrimp skins and shellfish to add calcium.

It contains 991 mg of calcium per 100 grams of shrimp skin and 555 mg of calcium per 100 grams of shrimp, which can be used instead of milk for calcium supplementation.

  ”From a long-term perspective, milk is still the best calcium supplement.

Professor Jiang Zhuoqin emphasized, “It is impossible to completely replace milk with one kind of food, but considering milk, dairy products are the best carrier for calcium supplementation. After not drinking milk, we should focus on calcium supplementation.Eat more high-calcium foods to meet the body’s need for calcium.

“Expert / Dr. Supervisor Jiang Zhuoqin, Professor, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University

Four methods of meditation

Four methods of meditation

Yoga meditation is more difficult to explain. It involves a lot of things that cannot be expressed in words. Many books say that meditation cannot be said, and it cannot be said.

But there are ways to meditate too!

  1. Mobile meditation practice is the most common method for yoga to enter mobile meditation. Mastering this method makes the joints and parts of the body reach the limit. Why is the waist of the yoga so soft? The softness of yoga and the softness of acrobatics are different.Yoga is to expand and narrow the body through the realm of meditation. Acrobatics is to control the body to a certain degree.

The origin of the asana practice is to exercise the controllable part of the body to reach the limit to cut off the thoughts and enter the state of meditation, so it is called mobile meditation.

  2, candlelight meditation Candlelight meditation or a little meditation, do not light too bright, look at the candlelight with your eyes, because the eyes are the most vulnerable part of the human body, it is difficult to open the eyes for a long time, continue to support, the purpose of support is not to letHow long your eyes glow with candlelight is to let you realize that you can cut off your thinking and enter the state of consciousness when you reach the limit of your eyes without blinking.

  3, OM meditation candlelight meditation uses the eyes, OM meditation uses the ears.

In the old plaster or church, there will be a big bell. When the time comes, the bell will ring. When the bell rings, it will let you cut off your thinking. At this time you should enter meditation. When you notice your consciousness,The bell rings?
When it sounds until it disappears, listening to the sound from sound to silence, your thinking has also entered a state of DHYANA.

They all use controllable parts of the body.

When you meditate, make an OM sound, and extend the M sound to three times the O sound. At this time, listen to the process from sound to silence with your ears, and your mind is cut into the state of DHAYANA.

  4. Watch the breath, meditate, meditate, sit firmly in the lotus position, use your ears to listen to your exhalation and inhalation, and listen to the sound of breath, because this breath is very subtle, so you have to be very focused and quiet to listenWhen listening to the sound of this breath, the mind is cut off, the state of DHYANA is entered, and the state of meditation is entered.